8595 / 9590
  The 8590 and 9590 uses the same reference and diagnostics disks used by the 8595 / 9595 systems. for a list by processor complex, go HERE

SHS15F2247.boo     IBM PS/2 Model 90 XP 486 HMS  (Requires IBM Bookreader)
SHS15F2249.boo     IBM PS/2 Model 90 XP 486 HMR  (Requires IBM Bookreader)
190-176 IBM Personal System/2 Model 90 XP 486 (8590-0J5, -0J9 AND -0KD)
191-057 IBM Personal System/2 Model 90 XP 486 (8590-0G5 AND 0G9)
191-195 IBM Personal System/2 Model 90 XP 486 (8590-0H5 and 0H9)
192-098 IBM Personal System/2 Model 90 XP 486 (8590-0L9 AND 0LF)
193-082 IBM Personal System/2 Model 90 XP 486 (9590-0LA AND 0LF)
XGA208 Windows 95/98 XGA-2 Display Driver by UZnal
XGA208 WinNT 4 XGA-2 Display Driver by UZnal (limited to 256 colors)

Model 90 Power
Model 90 Front View
Model 90 Planar
   Why was Model 90 Introduced?
   J1 on 90 Planar
   DBA Artifact on 8590s (Yes, they DO work!)
Model 90 Ports
Mounting Model 90 Vertically
64K Colors Supported under W98SE
   Video Ram
     Video RAM Installation
   8590 and 9590 Planar Differences
   9590 Floppy Controller
      Adapting 34 Pin Clone Cable to 40 Pin Port
      Three Floppy Experience
      * Marked 2.88MB Floppy Drives on 8590s
   Memory Riser
     Orienting SIMMs on Riser
      Loading SIMMs
         ECA084 Model 90 Memory Riser Card
      Error 201
      Plastic SIMM Holders
      Riser Support Bracket
   Memory Expansion Boards
Planar ADF Sections (PFF6F.ADF)

Front view

Badge- If grey, XGA. If blue, XGA-2 Adapter was originally installed (Blue = ISO compliant). 
Floppy 1.44MB (8590) or 2.88MB (9590) 
5.25" Bay Outer rails are for a 5.25" drive. The left and center rails are for a 3.5" drive. 

8590 / 9590 Planar

BT1 Battery
J1, 3, 6 Adapter slot
J2 Power switch/speaker
J4 AVE slot 
J5 Fan connector 
J7 Processor-board slot 
J9 Video 
J10 Power-on password
J11, J14 Memory-riser slot 
J12 DB25 Serial Port
J15 40 pin Floppy port
J16, J23 DBA ESDI port 
J17 DB9 Serial Port
J18 Parallel Port
J19 Mouse Port
J24 Keyboard Port
J25, J26 Power-supply 
Y1 32.768KHz 
U1 LM386 Audio Op Amp
U2 74F30 8-Input NAND Gate
U7 DS1210 
U9 41.5390 MHz  Used on XGA  
U13 14.3181 MHz "System Oscillator".
U14 37F0842 Used on XGA  
U16, 19, 20 TDK ZJY-2P g Used on XGA  
U18 25.175 MHz Used on XGA  
U21 44.9000 MHz Used on XGA  
U22 28.3220 MHz Used on XGA 
U23 Dallas DS1285 RTC
U24 SRM2264LC12 
U25-U29 Video Memory
U36, 38, 40 Video Memory
U64 Toshiba TC110GC9AF (74F5160) 
U65 40.0000MHz  DMA Clock
U67 85F0464 (95 M planar)  
U72 TI CF61533FN (64F3110) 
U77 22.1184 MHz Clock
U84 N82077AA Floppy Controller 
U87, 88 64F0942 (95 M planar)
          -  OR  -
U87, 88 33F5469 (7568 Resource Card)
U92 24.0000 MHz 
U77 22.1184 MHz Clock for the "Type 3 High-Speed UART". Divided by 2 for better waveform and 1:1 ratio of low and high.
U64 XGA Display Controller Early TC110GC9AG / 1888676 Late TC110GC9AF / 74F5160

Audio Over MCA

Why was the 90 introduced?
Dennis Smith 
   The Model 90 was intended to be a "desktop server".  It came out in 1989/90.  A few years before the Bermuda 77 and Lacuna 77.  The 77 was the replacement for the Mod. 90, but it continued in the 95xx Premium Line until about 1994. The main reason for releasing the Mod. 90 was most likely to replace the Mod. 70 and to have a desktop cousin to the Mod. 95.

 NOTE: Recent developments with the Type 0 complex demonstrate that the Model 90 CAN boot to a DBA-ESDI drive as C:, and therefor offers a simple upgrade path for the Model 70 to Model 90, just by swapping the drive out. Type 0 Complex

Martin Adams 
   One advantage the model 90 has over the 77 is the 8 SIMM slots. Eight 8M sims are allot cheaper than four 16M sticks right now. We also have the caching SCSI that could have its cache upgraded. You don't have to pull adapter cards to reconfigure RAM. I prefer the planar mounted bus connectors too. 

90 Ports

Serial Port Speed
    Dual Direct Memory Address (DMA) serial ports, one DB25 and one DB9. The DB9 port requires feature number 0217 or 0242 for attaching devices with 25-pin D shell connectors.
    The DMA serial port provides support for speeds from 300 bps to 345.6K bps.The DMA capability reduces processor loading and overhead when used in higher speed communications. Speeds up to 345.6K bits per second are supported using IBM Enhanced EIA-232-D which requires a special shielded cable up to 20 feet long.
   Ether serial port can be set to Serial 1-8, with different arbitration levels for Transmit or Recieve. Both ports are limited to Int 3.

DMA parallel port

Mounting Model 90 Vertically
    IBM supports vertical mounting of the PS/2 Model 9590 when installed in an appropriate fixture approved for such use by the Underwriter's Laboratory and the Canadian Standards Association.
The IBM PS/2 Model 90 XP 486 must be turned on the left side so that the left side vents are pointing downward. There must be a minimum of one inch (25.4mm) between the vents and the supporting fixture.

J1 on 90 Planar
(-) Power LED
(+) SPKR
(+) HD LED
(-) SPKR
(-) HD LED
(+) PWR
(-) PWR 
(+) Power LED

J16 and J23 Artifact- IBM intended originally to bring out a "low-end" Mod. 90 with DBA-ESDI and a 386DX-25 / DX-33 processorboard - but luckily dropped these plans. (Ed. A big insurance company (Aetna?) had 386DX-20 complexes made for it- the infamous "Type 0").
Daniel Hamilton has cracked the code and has the DBA-ESDI working. In short, the DBA-ESDI drive is bootable, but at present, nobody has dropped a reference partition on one.

64k Colors under W98SE
   To my great surprise, W98SE has 640x480x64k at 60Hz support. This requires all 8 Video ZIPPs to be installed.

Video Ram
   The VRAM chips are Toshiba TC524256BZ-10 or NEC D42274V-10. The 8590 systems have 8 sockets for video memory available. The 9590 systems come with 4 VRAM chips (512KB) soldered to the planar.

NOTE: Even though IBM Canada site sez the 9590 has XGA-2 integrated into the planar, IT DOES NOT!!! It has 512K soldered on the planar, plus 4 sockets for the 512K video memory upgrade. To make the 9590 ISO compliant they had to install XGA-2 cards in them. 

Video RAM Installation

   Place the insertion tool (1) over the emptyVRAM socket (If you have one!) 
   Align the beveled corner (2) of the VRAM chip towards the rear of the system. On most 90s, there is a dot on the planar that the beveled edge (marked with a colored dot sometimes) lines up with. Carefully align the pins with the socket (3) and firmly press the module straight down into place 
   Do not start one end before the other. You can slightly rock the chip side to side to install into a stiff socket, but be careful! 

Which Slot for the XGA-2?
   For all complexes with search IML in the complex BIOS (T1 and 2 with upgrade BIOS, all T3 and T4), The XGA-2 may be installed in Slots 1, 2, and 4. For T1 or T2 with the non-IML search BIOS, Slot 1 must be filled with an IBM SCSI adapter, and only Slots 2 and 4 may be used for the XGA-2. Slot 3 is an AVE slot and is physically incompatible. For a full discussion, go HERE

Differences between 8590 and 9590 Planars
 The 9590 lacks the DBA artifacts, has 512K video memory soldered on the planar, and is a pretty green. The 9590 planar is identified as an XP 90 system board under setup. It does not support Synchrostream. The parallel port is a standard one, no Expressprint. No Wake on Ring. 

9590 Floppy Controller
  82077AA  Go to Floppy page for more. The Model 90 uses the 40 pin floppy header on the planar.

Adapting Clone Cable to 40 Pin Port
   I picked up some sweet Vantec clone single floppy cables on ebuy. The space that the normal 90 floppy cable, with it's three device cable, is seriously cramped, even without the PSU support strut.This is a way to remove one 34 pin header, alter the cable, then crimp on a 40 pin header.

   The 40 pin header for the planar is on the left, the 34 pin header for the floppy is on the right. Both have the key positioned to the left, and both have the holes pointing up, facing you.
   From the red wire (pin 1), count up 9 wires and slit about 3" from the 40 pin header. Count up another seven wires, then slit about 3" from the 40 pin header. From the upper side, remove 6 conductors, as they aren't used by floppy A:
   Pull wires 10-16 (the ones you slit), and twist them 180 degrees. Align the lower 9 wires, the twisted 7 wires, and the remaining wires through the 40 pin header. Crimp. Trim excess with X-Acto knife or similar. Done.

Three Floppy Experience
  Just because people said it isn't done, I threw three 1.44MB floppies into my 9590. All three showed up under setup as 1.44MB drives. Under DOS, they are accessable as A:, B:, and D:. Under W95, it blows the mind of the IOS driver and Win95 says you must shut the system down and restart Windoze. But under safe mode, I was able to access and read off the D: floppy. 
  I will eventually try it under NT 4.0 just for snorts 'n grins... 

* Marked Floppy Drives on 8590s
   Older 8590s may have their floppy controllers FRIED if you use a 2.88MB floppy that has an asterisk ( * ) on the upper surface of the eject button. The 9590 is not affected by this charming quirk. There has to be an earlier floppy controller other than the 82077AA, which supports an asterisk marked floppy on my 9590. 

Memory Riser

Orienting SIMMs
   When inserting SIMMs onto the riser, orient the notch on the SIMM with the notch on the riser. Always wondered why the riser had that seemingly useless extension to the right. Think of the riser as a big SIMM with it's notch. Like to like... 

Plastic SIMM Holder Clips
There also was a problem with local power-drops on the early Mod. 90 memory riser cards (the ones with all-plastic SIMM-sockets). Improved versions had metal holder clips. And - logically - you should not mix the two versions. 

Memory Riser Card Support Bracket
There *must* be a plastic Support Bracket clipped over the 2 (two !) memory riser boards to properly fix them. This part is called "memory riser card support bracket" and is FRU 57F3029. It also has a "bay" to guide the SCSI-cable surface wave filter (that large heavy ferro-oxide block). 

Loading SIMMs Onto Memory Risers

   Memory must be loaded in matched pairs (size and speed) into sockets J1+J3 and J2+J4 for interleaved configurations. (Type 1, 3, and 4 complexes). Type 2 complexes allow you to stuff SIMMs in the sockets in any order or combination, but if not in matched pairs (J1+J3, J2+J4) there will be a performance hit.
   Don't stuff one riser with modules (especially double-sided) and leave the other blank. It *hates* imbalance on the memory drivers. Try to organize them the way to achieve a balanced load on *both* memory risers by having equal number of chips per pair, then on both risers. Certain releases of the Mod. 90 had problems with the double-sided SIMMs - especially with the 8MB ..
   [Ed.] Please genuflect while absorbing the riser/slot illustration. Remember, for interleaved configuration, you place matched speed/size SIMMs in A1-B1, A2-B2, and so on. Please note that the SIMM pairs do NOT cross between memory risers. The Model 95 uses seperate A and B banks (A1, A2, A3, A4 then B1, B2, B3, B4) while the Model 90 uses both banks on both cards, A1, A2, B1, B2 then A3, A4, B3, B4).

ECA084 - Model 90 Memory Riser Card
   If memory riser card FRU P/N33F4905 is populated with "MIXED SIMMs" and is experiencing any of the following errors:  DOS NMI, OS/2 TRAP 0002, POST, or diagnostic memory errors, replace both memory riser cards with new FRU P/N81F8823 (two required).

NOTE:  "MIXED SIMMs" is defined as SIMMs with 12 modules or more per SIMM, mixed with SIMMs having less than 12 modules per SIMM mounted on the same riser card.  If FRU P/N 81F8823 is already installed, this ECA is not applicable.

Original scan from Al Savage out on the left coast

   The "bad" riser (33F4905) has six electrolytic capacitors on the front. The "good" riser (81F8823) has only the silk screen outlines for the caps (also a lot more SMD resistors and caps on the back). Both risers have metal clips and white SIMM sockets.

Error 201
    Error code 201 says "Reseat system board memory" and can afflict the systemboard as well as the memory only. I would suggest to remove the memory risers, reseat all modules, plug them back and see if they are seated properly. 
    I would also suggest that you start with one single pair of matching memory modules in the connectors J1 + J3 on riser J11 - the one closer to the processor board. This is just to test out if your problem is memory- or systemboard related.
    If the machine comes up fine (counts memory) - install the next pair in sockets J1 + J3 in Riser J14 - the on closer to the power supply to keep balanced load of the memory decoder lines. As I wrote: the Mod. 90 has a sensible feeling for imbalanced memory modules and may "spin out" with somewhat strange and unexplainable errors by no obvious reason. There once was a recommendation from IBM on that topic and they explicitely mentioned it for the Mod.90 - particularly for those cases where double-sided memory modules are used (which put a higher load on the decoder lines). 

Memory Expansion Boards
   You can't. Sort of.  The 90 (and 95) does not cache the memory on expansion boards. So in addition to the overhead in negotiating for control of the microchannel bus, you have to give up the advantage of the 486 cache...

AdapterId FF6F Built In Features (Model 90)

Serial Port
   Serial port can be set as Serial 1 through 8 or disabled.  If you are using an ASCII terminal as your system console, do not disable this port.
      <"SERIAL 1 (03f8h-03ffh 083f8h-083ffh, int 4)>, 2 (02f8-02ff 082f8-082ff, int 3), 3 (3220-3227 0b220-0b227, int 3), 4 (3228-322f 0b228-0b22f, int 3), 5 (4220-4227 0c220-0c227 int 3), 6 (4228-422f 0c228-0c22f  int 3), 7 (5220-5227 0d220-0d227 int 3), 8 (5228-522f 0d228-0d22f int 3),  Disabled

Serial Transmit Arbitration Level
   The serial port can use any one of the arbitration levels for transmitting data. If the level is shared then other devices can be set at the same level. If the level selected is dedicated then only this device can be set to that level.
      <"Shared 4" >, 3, 1, 0, 7, 6, 5, Dedicated 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 1, 0, Disabled

Serial Receive Arbitration Level
   The serial port can be set to any arbitration level for receiving data. If shared is selected, then other devices can use the same level. If the level selected is Dedicated then only this device can be set to that level.
      <"Shared 3>, 1, 0, 7, 6, 5, 4, Dedicated 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 1, 0, Disabled

Parallel Port
   The parallel port can be set as Parallel 1 through 3 or disabled.
       <"PARALLEL 1"  (03bc-03bf 1278-127f int 7)>,  2 (0378-037f int 7), 3 (0278-027f int 7),  Disabled NOTE: Parallel 2 is the one Winblows is comfortable with!

Parallel Port Arbitration Level
   The parallel port can be set to any arbitration levels.  If the level selected is shared then other devices can be set at the same level.  If the level selected is dedicated then only this device can be set to that level.  Select <Disabled> to use the port in compatibility mode.
      <"Shared 7">, 6, 5, 4, 3, 1, 0, Dedicated 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 1, 0, Disabled

Preempt Enable/Disable
   System board CPU can preempt continuous data transfers by other devices for its use of Micro Channel.
     <"Enable">, Disable

Video I/O Address
   I/O (Input/Output) address range for the display controller registers.  Also selects the exact location of the video coprocessor registers.
        <"Instance 6: 2160h - 216Fh">, 1 (2110-211F), 2 (2120-212F), 3 (2130-213F), 4 (2140-214F), 5 (2150-215F)

Video ROM Address Space
   Memory address range used for the system video ROM.
        <"C0000-C1FFF" >, C2000-C3FFF, C4000-C5FFF, C6000-C7FFF, C8000-C9FFF, CA000-CBFFF, CC000-CDFFF, CE000-CFFFF, D0000- D1FFF, D2000-D3FFF, D4000-D5FFF, D6000-D7FFF, D8000-D9FFF, DA000-DBFFF, DC000-DDFFF, DE000-DFFFF

Video Arbitration Level
   The video sub-system can be set to any one of these arbitration levels.
        <"Arbitration level 13">, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 14

Video Fairness
   Whether the video sub-system coprocessor will follow the fairness algorithm for bus usage.
        <"Fairness On">, Off

ADPItem 1 Usable System-Board Memory   (Exec)
   This field displays the type of Usable Memory on the system board.  The memory type is either parity or error-correcting-code (ECC).

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